Neuroscientists, no less than geographers, require accurate maps, coordinate systems, nomenclature and ontologies for navigation and communication. Professor Paxinos is the leading cartographer of the brain and spinal cord. He has advanced our understanding of the organisation of the central nervous system (CNS) of both humans and the main animal species used in neuroscience. Most scientists working on the human CNS, or animal models of disease, use Paxinos’ atlases and concepts of brain and spinal cord organisation. His work is of importance to many disciplines, including anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, psychology, psychiatry, neurology and neurosurgery.