Professor Paul Hodges is a world leader in rehabilitation of musculoskeletal pain. His unique comprehensive research approach from molecular biology to brain physiology and human function has made fundamental shifts in our understanding of why people move differently in pain. His innovative research has identified modified neuromuscular function across a diverse range of conditions from back pain to incontinence, and revealed the underlying mechanisms. These observations have been translated into effective tailored exercise treatments that have been tested and implemented internationally. His discoveries have improved outcomes for people in pain, particularly back pain, the world’s leading cause of disability.