Baum is an international leader in public health social science. She has made major contributions to the understanding of the social determinants of health, health promotion and to the use of qualitative methods. She has published 179 refereed articles, 10 books, 40 book chapters, 68 reports for government or international agencies, and given 185 keynote or invited addresses. Her work is widely cited with 6056 citations (GS) and an H-index of 38 (GS). She is a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia and a Life Member of the Public Health Association.